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Nutrition and traumatic brain injury : improving acute and subacute health outcomes in military personnel / John Erdman, Maria Oria, and Laura Pillsbury, editors ; Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

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Electronic resources

Subject: Brain damage > Alternative treatment.
Brain > Wounds and injuries > Nutritional aspects.
Medicine, Military > United States.
Brain > Wounds and injuries > Patients > Rehabilitation.
Nutrition.
Brain Injuries > therapy.
Nutrition Therapy.
Military Personnel.
United States.
Genre: Electronic books.

Record details

  • ISBN: 9780309210096
  • ISBN: 0309210097
  • ISBN: 1283135116
  • ISBN: 9781283135115
  • Physical Description: 1 online resource (xii, 431 pages) : illustrations, map
  • Publisher: Washington, DC : National Academies Press, 2011.

Content descriptions

Bibliography, etc. Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note: Part I: Background -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Nutrition in Clinical Practice Guidelines for Traumatic Brain Injury -- 3. Understanding Pathophysiological Changes -- Part II: Nutrition and TBI -- 4. Approach for Selecting Nutritional Interventions: Mechanistic Targets -- 5. Acquiring Resilience to TBI Prior to Injury -- 6. Energy and Protein Needs During Early Feeding Following Traumatic Brain Injury -- 7. Antioxidants -- 8. Branched-Chain Amino Acids -- 9. Choline -- 10. Creatine -- 11. Ketogenic Diet -- 12. Magnesium -- 13. Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) -- 14. Polyphenols -- 15. Vitamin D -- 16. Zinc -- Part III: Recommendations -- 17. Summary of Recommendations -- Appendixes -- Appendix A: Agenda -- Appendix B: Evidence-Based Guidelines for Traumatic Brain Injury -- Appendix C: Workshop Speakers' Papers -- Appendix D: Glossary -- Appendix E: Acronyms -- Appendix F: Committee Member Biographical Sketches.
Summary: Military personnel, especially those in combat zones, face a distinct risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The injuries can range from mild to severe, and their effects can appear within minutes or hours, or sometimes weeks or even years later. Although estimates of incidence and prevalence are elusive, some estimates suggest that TBI has accounted for up to one-third of combat-related injuries. TBI also is a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million sports-related TBIs occurring annually. Despite such health tolls, the mechanisms and damaging effects of TBI on the brain are not fully understood. While some research has explained these mechanisms of injury, new information suggests that nutritional interventions could help in treating or even providing resilience against TBI. In this light, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the IOM to review the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI. Given the complexity of TBI and the current gaps in scientific knowledge, the IOM could identify only one action that can immediately improve treatment efforts: early feeding to patients with severe TBI. Research has shown that feeding the severely injured soon after an injury is known to help in decreasing mortality. In addition, new information suggests that nutritional interventions could help in treating or even providing resilience against TBI. The IOM identified a number of other possible benefits for specific nutritional interventions and recommends that the DoD and other collaborates conduct more research.
Funding Information Note: This study was supported by Contract No. W911QY-10-C-0010 between the National Academy of Sciences and U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Department of Defense.
Source of Description Note: Print version record.
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1102 . ‡aInstitute of Medicine (U.S.). ‡bCommittee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain.
24510. ‡aNutrition and traumatic brain injury : ‡bimproving acute and subacute health outcomes in military personnel / ‡cJohn Erdman, Maria Oria, and Laura Pillsbury, editors ; Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
260 . ‡aWashington, DC : ‡bNational Academies Press, ‡c2011.
300 . ‡a1 online resource (xii, 431 pages) : ‡billustrations, map
336 . ‡atext ‡btxt ‡2rdacontent
337 . ‡acomputer ‡bc ‡2rdamedia
338 . ‡aonline resource ‡bcr ‡2rdacarrier
504 . ‡aIncludes bibliographical references.
520 . ‡aMilitary personnel, especially those in combat zones, face a distinct risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The injuries can range from mild to severe, and their effects can appear within minutes or hours, or sometimes weeks or even years later. Although estimates of incidence and prevalence are elusive, some estimates suggest that TBI has accounted for up to one-third of combat-related injuries. TBI also is a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million sports-related TBIs occurring annually. Despite such health tolls, the mechanisms and damaging effects of TBI on the brain are not fully understood. While some research has explained these mechanisms of injury, new information suggests that nutritional interventions could help in treating or even providing resilience against TBI. In this light, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the IOM to review the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI. Given the complexity of TBI and the current gaps in scientific knowledge, the IOM could identify only one action that can immediately improve treatment efforts: early feeding to patients with severe TBI. Research has shown that feeding the severely injured soon after an injury is known to help in decreasing mortality. In addition, new information suggests that nutritional interventions could help in treating or even providing resilience against TBI. The IOM identified a number of other possible benefits for specific nutritional interventions and recommends that the DoD and other collaborates conduct more research.
536 . ‡aThis study was supported by Contract No. W911QY-10-C-0010 between the National Academy of Sciences and U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Department of Defense.
50500. ‡tPart I: ‡tBackground -- ‡g1. ‡tIntroduction -- ‡g2. ‡tNutrition in Clinical Practice Guidelines for Traumatic Brain Injury -- ‡g3. ‡tUnderstanding Pathophysiological Changes -- ‡gPart II: ‡tNutrition and TBI -- ‡g4. ‡tApproach for Selecting Nutritional Interventions: Mechanistic Targets -- ‡g5. ‡tAcquiring Resilience to TBI Prior to Injury -- ‡g6. ‡tEnergy and Protein Needs During Early Feeding Following Traumatic Brain Injury -- ‡g7. ‡tAntioxidants -- ‡g8. ‡tBranched-Chain Amino Acids -- ‡g9. ‡tCholine -- ‡g10. ‡tCreatine -- ‡g11. ‡tKetogenic Diet -- ‡g12. ‡tMagnesium -- ‡g13. ‡tEicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) -- ‡g14. ‡tPolyphenols -- ‡g15. ‡tVitamin D -- ‡g16. ‡tZinc -- ‡gPart III: ‡tRecommendations -- ‡g17. ‡tSummary of Recommendations -- ‡tAppendixes -- ‡gAppendix A: ‡tAgenda -- ‡gAppendix B: ‡tEvidence-Based Guidelines for Traumatic Brain Injury -- ‡gAppendix C: ‡tWorkshop Speakers' Papers -- ‡gAppendix D: ‡tGlossary -- ‡gAppendix E: ‡tAcronyms -- ‡gAppendix F: ‡tCommittee Member Biographical Sketches.
5880 . ‡aPrint version record.
598 . ‡aeBooks on EBSCOhost ‡bEBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
650 0. ‡aBrain damage ‡xAlternative treatment.
650 0. ‡aBrain ‡xWounds and injuries ‡xNutritional aspects.
650 0. ‡aMedicine, Military ‡zUnited States.
650 0. ‡aBrain ‡xWounds and injuries ‡xPatients ‡xRehabilitation.
650 0. ‡aNutrition.
65012. ‡aBrain Injuries ‡xtherapy.
65012. ‡aNutrition Therapy.
65022. ‡aMilitary Personnel.
651 2. ‡aUnited States.
655 4. ‡aElectronic books.
7001 . ‡aErdman, John.
7001 . ‡aOria, Maria.
7001 . ‡aPillsbury, Laura, ‡d1984-
77608. ‡iPrint version: ‡aInstitute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Nutrition, Trauma, and the Brain. ‡tNutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury. ‡dWashington, D.C. : National Academies Press, ©2011 ‡z9780309210089 ‡w(OCoLC)730412358
85640. ‡uhttp://proxy.library.upei.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=e000xna&AN=372489 ‡yFull text via EBSCOhost
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