Provisioning Paris : merchants and millers in the grain and flour trade during the eighteenth century / Steven Laurence Kaplan.
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|Subject:||Grain trade > History > 18th century.
Flour industry > History > 18th century.
Food supply > History > 18th century.
Millers > History > 18th century.
Baking > History > 18th century.
Merchants > History > 18th century.
Paris (France) > History > 18th century.
Aliments > Approvisionnement > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
Boulangers > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
Céréales > Commerce > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
Commerçants > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
Meunerie > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
Meuniers > France > Paris, Région de > Histoire > 18e siècle.
- ISBN: 9781501731426
- ISBN: 1501731424
- Physical Description: 1 online resource
- Publisher: Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 1984.
|Bibliography, etc. Note:|| Includes bibliographical references (pages 619-647) and index.
|Formatted Contents Note:|| Cover; Provisioning Paris; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Preface; Contents; Preface; 1 Provisioning Paris: Market Principle and Marketplace; The subsistence of the people; Commerce and the market principle; Police and the marketplace; Exciting and containing: from theory to practice; The hierarchy of police administration; 2 Provisioning Paris: The Goods; The superiority of wheat; Choosing grain and flour; The preoccupation with quality; Conservation technology; 3 Provisioning Paris: The Context; Grain commerce: the easiest of trades?; Weights and measures; The provisioning crowns
Reaching Paris by land and waterThe ports; The Halle; 4 The Grain Merchants of the Ports of Paris; Merchant typology; The Paris municipality and the grain trade; The rue de Ia Mortellerie; Mortellerie fortune; Mortellerie honor; The commissionnaires and the merchants; commissionnaires and the police; Relations with buyers: search, information, and bargaining; Relations with buyers: pratik and credit; Business failures; The port-based merchants and the provisioning of Paris; Country and fora in merchants; Tension between ""itinerant"" and Paris-based merchants
Corporate tendencies without a corporationCollapse under pressure: the port merchants in times of dearth; The archenemy: the struggle against the baker; Off-market trade; The vengeance of the marketplace; 5 The Grain Merchants at the Paris Halle; The Halle and the ports: differences and similarities; The Halle-based merchants; The forains; Relations between Halle-based and forain merchants; The business of the Halle-based merchant; Business failures of Halle- based merchants; Business failures of forain merchants; Forain and laboureur grain supply; A profile of forain business
The laboureurs and the grain tradeLaboureur maneuvers: buying and hoarding; Laboureur maneuvers: off-market transactions; Laboureur boycotts; Visits, inventories, quotas, and requisitions; The diversity of laboureurs; Laboureur business failures; The blatier and the grain trade; Market pimps and doctors of adulteration; A profile of blatier business; 6 The Mill and the Miller; Types of mills; Building and maintaining mills; Projects for alternative kinds of mills; The work place; Mill employees; The miller's other professions; Leasing a mill; 7 The Miller and the Public
Custom milling and tollsThe beginnings of merchant milling; The miller and the local community; Miller rivalries; The miller's reputation; The police of the millers; 8 The Parisian Milling Network: Density and Productivity; The debate; The Cassini mills; The Revolutionary surveys; The Imperial surveys; Production; Limiting conditions; 9 Miller Family, Marriage, and Fortune; Marriage and business: endogamy; Flour family dynasties; Marriage capital; Residence, education, age; Widows; Miller wealth; 10 The Flour Trade; Flour crises; The advantages of the flour trade
|Summary:|| Dependence upon grain deeply marked every aspect of life in eighteenth-century France. Steven Kaplan focuses upon this dependence at the point where it placed...