Nutrition and functional foods for healthy aging / edited by Ronald Ross Watson.
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|Subject:||Older people > Nutrition.
- ISBN: 9780128092996
- ISBN: 0128092998
- Physical Description: 1 online resource
- Publisher: London : Academic Press, 2017.
- Copyright: ©2017
|General Note:|| Includes index.
|Bibliography, etc. Note:|| Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Formatted Contents Note:|| Front Cover; Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging; Copyright Page; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; I. Overview Health and Aging; 1 Impact of Nutrition on Healthy Aging; Introduction; Dietary Fiber; GI and Gut Microbiota; Mechanisms of Health Benefits; Diversity of Gut Microbiota; Factors Influencing Gut Microbiota; Prebiotics; Probiotics; The Role of SCFAs in Health and Disease; The Antitumorigenic Effects of SCFAs; Modulation of Histone Acetylation by SCFA; Receptors of SCFAs; GPR41 (Free Fatty Acid Receptor 3: FFAR3).
GPR43 (Free Fatty Acid Receptor 2: FFAR2)GPR109a; OLFR78; Systemic Effects of SCFAs; SCFAs: Energy Metabolism and Feeding Behavior; SCFAs and Gut-Brain Axis Communication; SCFAs and Immunity; Ongoing and Future Directions; References; 2 Aging and the Recovery of Skin Function and Appearance; Introduction; Skin Aging; Diet and Skin Aging; Oxidative Stress and Chronic Inflammation; Nonenzymatic Glycation Products; Sex Hormone Imbalances; Telomere Shortening; The Mediterranean Diet; References; 3 Changes in Nutritional Needs With Aging; Introduction; Age-Related Changes Affect Nutrition.
Changes in Nutritional NeedsUsing Supplements; Vitamin D and Calcium; Assessing Nutritional Status; Nutritional Screening Initiative, Level I and II Screening; Mini Nutritional Assessment; Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool; Subjective Global Assessment; Conclusion; References; 4 Sugars, Glucocorticoids, and the Hypothalamic Controls of Appetite; Overview; The Lipogenesis Hypothesis; The Metabolism of Fructose; APOC3 and Hypertriglyceridemia; Sugar and the HSD Hypothesis; The HSD-1 Hypothesis, Fructose, and Obesity.
Dietary Sugars and Glucocorticoids: Additional Evidence Linking the Two to ObesitySugar Solutions and the Hypothalamus; Sugars and the Hypothalamus: Evidence From Humans; Conclusions and Summary; References; 5 Appetite Regulation in Healthy Aging; Introduction; Reduced Appetite and Energy Intake During Aging; Less Suppression of Appetite and Energy Intake in Older People; Gastrointestinal Regulation of Appetite and Energy Intake; Appetite Regulation in Healthy Older Subjects; Appetite Regulation in Malnourished Older Subjects; Loss of Body Weight During Aging; Loss of Muscle Mass During Aging.
ConclusionReferences; 6 Human Microbiome and Aging; Introduction; Human Microbiome; Microbiome Through the Human Life Cycle; Microbiome and the Immune Response; Impact of Diet on Microbiota; Therapeutic Interventions for Microbial Manipulation; Functional Foods: Prebiotics and Probiotics; Bacteriotherapy; Implications for Health and Disease; Frailty; Sarcopenia; Clostridium Difficile Infection; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Anxiety and Depression; Conclusion; Acknowledgment; References; 7 Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Role of Obesity and Nutrients; Introduction; Pathophysiology of Fibromyalgia.
|Summary:|| This book provides the latest scientific reviews of topics relating to the health problems of the aged and how normal food, lifestyle, or nutritional and dietary supplements can help treat them. It describes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies and also explores functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment. It also reviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variables.