Molecular basis of nutrition and aging / edited by Marco Malavolta, Eugenio Mocchegiani.
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|Subject:||Aging > Nutritional aspects.
Aging > Molecular aspects.
Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena > physiology.
- ISBN: 0128018275
- ISBN: 9780128018279
- Physical Description: 1 online resource.
- Publisher: London : Academic Press, 2016.
|General Note:|| Includes index.
|Bibliography, etc. Note:|| Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Formatted Contents Note:|| Front Cover; Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging; Copyright Page; Contents; List of Contributors; Introduction to the Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging; Series Preface; Acknowledgments; I. Introductory Aspects on Aging and Nutrition; 1 Molecular and Cellular Basis of Aging; Introduction; Biological Principles of Aging; Occurrence, Accumulation, and Consequences of Molecular Damage; Homeodynamics and the Homeodynamic Space; Nutrition and Food for Aging Interventions; Nutritional Hormetins; Conclusions; Summary Points; References.
Contents note continued: Amino Acid Metabolites and Precursors: ( -Hydroxy -Methylbutyrate and Ornithine α-Ketoglutarate -- Conclusion -- Summary -- References -- 27. Nutritional Status and Gastrointestinal Health in the Elderly / Ann-Christin Lindenau -- Introduction -- Enteric Nervous System -- Taste and Smell (Chemosensation) -- The Anorexia of Aging -- Oropharyngeal Capacities and Swallowing -- Esophagus, Achalasia, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease -- Stomach, Gastric Emptying, Postprandial Hypotension, and Acid Secretion -- Small Bowel, Nutrient Absorption, and Small Intestinal Permeability -- Colon, Constipation, and Gut Microbiota -- Conclusion -- Summary -- References -- 28. Can Nutritional Intervention Counteract Immunosenescence in the Elderly/ Simon R. Carding -- Introduction -- Aging and the Innate Immune System -- Aging and the Adaptive Immune System -- Targets of Nutritional Intervention -- Can Nutrition Impact on Immune Components Affected by Age--2 Unraveling Stochastic Aging Processes in Mouse Liver: Dissecting Biological from Chronological AgeIntroduction; Pathological Parameters are only Partially Associated with Chronological Age; Intraorgan Specific Biological Phenotypes; Tissue-Specific Biological Phenotypes; Gene Expression Profiles Related to Pathological Aging Parameters; Gene Expression Profiles Correlating with Pathological Parameters are Largely Specific to the Pathological Parameters; Future Perspectives; Conclusion; References; 3 Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics: The Basis of Molecular Nutrition; Introduction.
Nutrigenetics of Omega-3 PUFA in CVDNutrigenetics of Omega-3 PUHA in Cancer; DNA Damage and Nutrients; Cellular Senescence and Nutrients; Epigenetics and Nutrients; Summary Points; References; 4 Diet and Longevity Phenotype; Introduction; Main Text; Nutrient Components and Aging Process; Crucial Role of Fatty Acid Component; Genomic Studies and Importance of Palmitoleic Acid; The Central Position of Energy Sensor Systems; The Involvement of Sympathetic System; Epigenetic Linkage of Aging and Nutrition; Summary; References; 5 Nutrition in the Elderly: General Aspects; Introduction.
Malnutrition in the Elderly: Definition and General AspectsCauses of Malnutrition in the Elderly; Malnutrition: Possible Correction With Supplements in the Elderly; Nutrient-Sensing Pathways; Nutrient-Gene Interaction in the Elderly (Nutrigenomic Approach); Conclusions and Perspectives; Summary Points; Acknowledgments; References; 6 Nutrition in the Hospitalized Elderly; Introduction; Pathogenesis of Malnutrition in Hospitalized Elderly; The Interaction Between Aging, Health Status, Hospital Environment, and Nutritional Status; Why Are Hospitalized Older Adults Nutritionally Vulnerable?
Age-Related ChangesAnorexia of Aging; Changes in the Body Composition; Taste, Smell, and Mastication Dysfunction; Gastrointestinal Changes; Medical Causes; Use of Multiple Medications; Functional and Psychosocial Factors; Hospital Environment-Related Risks; Clinical Consequences of Malnutrition in Hospital; Malnutrition Screening and Assessment in Hospitalized Elderly; Malnutrition Screening as a Part from Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA); Comprehensive Nutritional Assessment; Nutritional History; Physical and Clinical Assessment; Anthropometry; The Biochemical Investigations.
|Summary:|| This volume synthesizes research on the underlying nutritional issues associated with aging, including the molecular, cellular, and systemic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. It also explores the nutritional factors involved in aging, from the biomolecular level to individual health, including the effects of specific dietary compounds and interventions.
|Source of Description Note:|| Print version record.